The eyes are said to be the window to the soul and as such, need to be in perfect condition. However, like all body parts, they may be affected by certain eye conditions including cataracts. Cataracts lead to the clouding of the natural lens of the eye found behind pupil and iris. If not corrected early enough, may drastically affect eyesight. This makes it very important for individuals to undergo cataract surgery as soon as they discover they are suffering from this eye condition.
Of course not all cataracts should lead to a surgery. Some people have cataracts and do not even know they are present until they visit the doctor. In case one has them yet has no blurred vision or any interference with normal living, the doctor could advise alternative treatment which may involve the use of eye ointments to reduce their severity. However, if one is unable to see clearly and experiences pain in the eye, a cataract surgery may be recommended by a medical practitioner.
Who is at risk?
Cataracts are a common eye problem for most people over the age of 40. It is a major cause of blindness in many nations too, overshadowing other eye complications like glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and the rest, according to Prevent Blindness America (PBA). In cases where it is discovered early enough, one may be treated or advised on the right glasses to use to decrease blurred vision. For individuals with advanced conditions, cataract surgery is the best way to go. Visit at Milan Eye Center
Common Causes of Cataracts
Cataracts are commonly caused by:
- Ultraviolent radiation or radiation from the sun.
- Previous injuries of the eye.
- Previous surgeries of the eye.
- Family history.
- Alcohol consumption.
- Prolonged use of eye drops.
How to prepare for cataract surgery
Before one goes for a cataract surgery, there is need for proper preparation. The following are tips to help one get ready for the procedure.
- Undergo Necessary tests – It is important to have your doctor perform certain tests to determine the shape and size of eye for proper choice of lens to be implanted.
- Avoid taking certain medicines – There are medicines that should be avoided before surgery as they may lead to too much bleeding. Be open to your doctor by informing the drugs you are using. In case the doctor advises you not to use them, follow instructions strictly.
- Use eye drops that are recommended by the doctor – Just before the eye surgery, the doctor will advise that you use certain eye drops. Do as instructed to help speed your healing process after the procedure.
- Avoid eating or drinking before surgery – Before surgery, patients are often asked to avoid eating and drinking.
- Make early preparation for your recovery – Prepare in advance where you will be resting after the surgery. The place ought to be friendly and free from any substances that may cause harm to the eye.
- Follow on your check-ups – Visit the doctor on stated days without fail. This helps in case there are complications.
- Check on diet – Be strict with your diet, avoiding foods or drinks that may harm the eye.
The eye is a special organ and as such, must be well cared for. It is important to take proper care of it to avoid eye complications. After surgery, ensure it stays safe.